Sierra de Gredos
The Sierra de Gredos is a mountain range in the Central System (Sistema Central) and is situated in the provinces of Ávila, Cáceres, Madrid and Toledo in four different Autonomous Communities (Castile and León, Castile-La Mancha, Madrid and Extremadura). The highest point is located in the province Ávila, at the Almanzor at 2,592 metres. To the east, in the direction Madrid, the Sierra de Gredos turns into the Sierra de Guadarrama.
The Sierra de Gredos is characterized by its large masses of granite, and from the south face the mountains give a relatively steep climb. The mountains consist of five river valleys: Alto Tormes, Alto Alberche, Tiétar Oriental, Tiétar Occidental and the Vera and finally the Valle del Ambroz. In Castile and León the mountains have been declared nature park.
At the heart of the north face of the Sierra de Gredos lies the Circo de Gredos, a cirque created by a glacier. It is the main cirque of the Central System and measures approximately 33 acres. In this cirque you find the popular Laguna Grande, Almanzor and the refuge Elola, used by many climbers and hikers to go to the Almanzor. The bare, rocky high mountain landscape of this cirque is spectacular and one of the absolute highlights of the Central System.
Because of the relative proximity of Madrid, the Sierra de Gredos is a popular touristic region.