Sierra de Ancares
Pico Cuiña

Sierra de Ancares

The Sierra de Ancares is the western end of the Cantabrian Mountains and is located in the northwest of the province of León and partly in Lugo, and forms the frontier between Galicia, Asturias and Castilla y León. It is a protected area and in 2006 it was declared a Biosphere Reserve by Unesco.

This part of the Cantabrian Mountains is less known than some other parts of this mountain range and has long remained isolated from the outside world. Because of this, old traditional customs and architecture have preserved with cultural-historical value for the Iberian Peninsula and Europe. The most striking example is the palloza, a circular or oval thatched cottage of Celtic origin, which can still be seen in various places in this area, like in the villages of El Cebrero, Piornedo, Balouta, Balboa or Campo del Agua.

The landscape is characterized by mountains and valleys, where higher in the mountains we see cirques and lakes formed by glaciers during the Ice Age. The valley was formed by the erosion of the river Ancares, which is a tributary of the river Cúa. It is a medium-high mountain range with peaks of just under 2,000 metres, with the highest point the Pico Cuiña at 1,987 metres. Although the mountains are not so high, at the higher elevations we see spectacular rock formations from where we have wonderful views over the valley of Ancares and towards Galicia and Asturias. The vegetation in the mountains is dominated by birch and above the mountains we often can see the eagle circling.

On the map you can find all the routes that are available in the Sierra de Ancares on By clicking on the icon of the route, you will go directly to the description.

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Location of this Region

Province: León
Central Town: Pereda de Ancares
29 °C
10 °C

Recommended Hike

Pico Cuiña

The Pico Cuiña with its 1,992 metres is the highest point of the Sierra de Ancares and one of the most beautiful places of the western part of the Cantabrian Mountains. During this short hike from the Puerto de Ancares we walk through a small detour via the lake Pozo Ferreira to this flat summit, where we have a beautiful view on the more rolling mountain landscape on the side of Lugo and the rougher, more rocky mountains of the Sierra the Ancares on the side of León.

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Principal Peaks

  • Pico Cuiña (1,987 m.)
  • Miravalles (1,969 m.)
  • Pena Rugueira (1,946 m.)
  • Pico Mustallar (1,935 m.)
  • Pico da Lagua (1,935 m.)
  • Boteque (1,915 m.)
  • El Campanario (1,901 m.)
  • Teso Mular (1,884 m.)