Sierra de Ancares
Pico Cuiña

Sierra de Ancares

The Sierra de Ancares is the western end of the Cantabrian Mountains and is located in the northwest of the province of León and partly in Lugo, and forms the frontier between Galicia, Asturias and Castilla y León. It is a protected area and in 2006 it was declared a Biosphere Reserve by Unesco.

This part of the Cantabrian Mountains is less known than some other parts of this mountain range and has long remained isolated from the outside world. Because of this, old traditional customs and architecture have preserved with cultural-historical value for the Iberian Peninsula and Europe. The most striking example is the palloza, a circular or oval thatched cottage of Celtic origin, which can still be seen in various places in this area, like in the villages of El Cebrero, Piornedo, Balouta, Balboa or Campo del Agua.

The landscape is characterized by mountains and valleys, where higher in the mountains we see cirques and lakes formed by glaciers during the Ice Age. The valley was formed by the erosion of the river Ancares, which is a tributary of the river Cúa. It is a medium-high mountain range with peaks of just under 2,000 metres, with the highest point the Pico Cuiña at 1,987 metres. Although the mountains are not so high, at the higher elevations we see spectacular rock formations from where we have wonderful views over the valley of Ancares and towards Galicia and Asturias. The vegetation in the mountains is dominated by birch and above the mountains we often can see the eagle circling.

On the map you can find all the routes that are available in the Sierra de Ancares on By clicking on the icon of the route, you will go directly to the description.

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Location of this Region

Province: León
Central Town: Pereda de Ancares
15 °C
-3 °C

Recommended Hike

Teso Mular

The Teso Mular is a classic peak of 1,884 meters at the border of León and Asturias border with very wide views, in the northern part of the Sierra de Ancares. During the majority of the hike we walk on a slightly ascending dirt road through the valley of the Arroyo del Couso, from which especiallly on the way back we have nice views. At the end of the hike the ascent is steeper and more intense.

Did you know?

Of each hike you can download the GPX file which can be used on your GPS device.

Principal Peaks

  • Pico Cuiña (1,987 m.)
  • Miravalles (1,969 m.)
  • Pena Rugueira (1,946 m.)
  • Pico Mustallar (1,935 m.)
  • Pico da Lagua (1,935 m.)
  • Boteque (1,915 m.)
  • El Campanario (1,901 m.)
  • Teso Mular (1,884 m.)